2016考研大纲:英语大纲解析之作文预测

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2016考研英语大纲出炉,如之前跨考教育预测的一样,考纲没有变化。现在跨考教育英语教研室张莹老师就为考生预测一下2016考研大纲的作文。

  一、小作文

  1. 小作文必备书信之申请信

  1)Directions:

  Imagine you are a student who wants to apply for the New Starscholarship offered by your university. Write a letter to the person concernedwhich should include

  (1) the purpose of writing the letter;

  (2) your qualifications for the scholarship;

  (3) your thanks。

  You should write about 100 words. Do not sign your own name at theend of the letter. Use "Li Ming" instead。

  You do not need to write the address。

  2)经典范文

  Dear Sir/Madam,

  I am writing to you in order to apply for the New Star Scholarship。

  As you can see from the attached grade sheet, I am one of the topstudents in my department. I have also represented the university at the 8thEnglish Speaking Contest, where I was placed first. It is because I haveattained such high standards that the Dean, Prof. Wang, suggested I apply forthe scholarship. I believe that I do not only do well in my study, alsocontribute to campus life and our university in my extracurricular activities,particularly as departmental head of the Student Union。

  Thank you in advance for considering my application。

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming

  3)推荐原因:

  首先,申请信是考研英语大纲规定的必考类型;

  其次,纵观考研英语小作文的命题规律,对于书信的考查无非都是对12种常见书信类型的反复对考查;

  再次, 2006年(英语一)考查了“申请资助贫困儿童”这一话题,因此相关的申请信请同学们务必关注、背诵以及仿写。

  2. 小作文必备书信之询问信

  1)Directions:

  You are preparing for an English test and are in need of somereference books. Write a letter to the sales department of a bookstore to askfor:

  (1) detailed information about the books you want,

  (2) methods of payment,

  (3) time and way of delivery

  2)经典范文

  Dear Sir or Madam,

  As a student to take CET-6 in this coming December, I am writing toask if there are some high quality test preparation materials。

  I wonder if you have the following books: a vocabulary book coveringthe 5,500 words for the CET-6 test as well as past test papers with keys andmodel essays and a Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, which I can turnfor help. Besides, how should I pay for these books? By cash or by other means?Finally, if I order these books now, when can I get them and how will thesebooks be sent to my house?

  I would be grateful if you could give me an early reply。

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming

  3)推荐原因:

  首先,询问信是考研英语大纲规定的必考类型;

  其次,纵观考研英语小作文的命题规律,对于书信的考查无非都是对12种常见书信类型的反复对考查;

  再次,2014年(英语二)考查了“向未来室友询求生活建议”这一话题,因此相关的询问信请同学们务必关注、背诵以及仿写。

  二、大作文

  1. 英语一

  预测一

  Directions:

  Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following pictures. Inyour essay, you should:

  1) describe the drawings briefly,

  2) explain its intended meaning, and then

  3) give your comments。

  You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

配图配图

  This picture is humorous but reveals a profound meaning. Accordingto this figure, we can see that two individuals are digging wells for waterwith spades. However, one person gives up looking for water because he digseven three holes but still cannot find any water, while the other one insistson digging one hole and finally receives an abundance of water。

  This picture tells us one principle which is a famous proverb called“Success belongs to the persevering”. It is obvious that the chance of findingwater is fair enough to the two men. Nevertheless, the reason leading to thecompletely different consequences is only their different attitudes. Asstudents, we should not doubt that the God will favor one special group andfeel upset and hopeless. To be frank, our society is realistic and it provideseveryone with same opportunities. We need to seize the opportunities, correctour attitudes and be down-to-earth persons. I firmly believe that we can achieveour goals by persevering painstaking efforts. Nothing is impossible as long aswe do our best. In addition, sometimes insisting itself is not absolutelyunquestioned. If we choose an unpractical goal, it is just a behavior ofwasting life. On the contrary, it is wise to set an objective cautiously andthen keep going without any complaints。

  To sum up, selecting a right target and always working for it is ofgreat significance for all of us。

  推荐理由:

  1. 今年考永恒性话题可能性大过大事件

  2. 永恒性话题应该会偏向相对积极的概念。

  3. 根据政治环境因素,很可能不会涉及针砭时弊的任何话题,所以话题还是以个人素养、理想为导向。

  预测二

  Directions:

  Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following pictures. Inyour essay, you should:

  4) describe the drawings briefly,

  5) explain its intended meaning, and then

  6) give your comments。

  You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

配图配图

  A thought-provoking dialogue between the mother elephant and her ownchild appears in the first picture. Having growing his teeth, the youngelephant is eager to share the exciting news with his mother. However, afterrepeating his words several times, there is still no response coming from themother. Meanwhile, the attractive caption in the second photo reads: no trade,no kill。

  The above pictures unveils a hazard posed to wildlife due to theexpanding scale of world commercial hunting. At least two fundamental factorscould contribute to this phenomenon. The industry of commercial hunting haveundergone a booming expansion (along with the growing public awareness of themerits of wildlife, which makes/) , making hunting unusually profitable. Worsestill, lacking knowledge regarding the significance of ecological balance, somepeople take the gun to chase animals insatiably (and thus cause a severe threatto all life in the world). Apparently, this trend will surely in turn endangerhumankind in the long run。

  (On no account should we turn a blind eye to such things.//All thesefactors above make it crucial to take drastic measures to protect thewildlife。) Accordingly, governments all over the world are supposed to unite towork out effective measures against commercial hunting. Additionally, peopleshould be educated from childhood to cultivate the awareness that we and therare wild animals share the same precious planet. I do believe a harmoniousrelationship between the wildlife and human beings is awaiting us if we makeevery effort to promote wildlife protection both nationally andinternationally。

  推荐理由及说明:

  1) 最近动物保护比较流行,所以我们推荐大家准备一篇相关的作文;

  2) 2000年考过“商业捕鱼”(即海洋资源保护),所以强烈推荐大家准备相关作文;

  3) 文中划线部分为建议背诵句型,括号内容为可以替换内容。

  2. 英语二

  Directions

  Write an essay based on the following chart in your writing, youshould

  1)interpret the chart, and

  2)give your comments

  You should write about 150 words。

配图配图

  The bar chart above illustrates the various reasons that collegestudents find it increasingly difficult in getting jobs. From the perspectiveof employers, the lack of practical experience, excessive expectations andfinancial crisis ranks the first, accounting for 57.1%, 42.3% and 36.9%respectively。

  The job market for college graduates is getting tighter and tighter.To begin with, with the social competition becoming keener, college graduatesshould be well-equipped with practical experience which suits the demand of thesociety. Otherwise, they will fond no place for themselves. Unfortunately, themajority of them lack adequate practical ability and operative skills. What ismore, another reason is connected with their attitude towards employment. Alarge number of graduates put earnings above anything else. They aim at thewell-paid position in foreign corporations or big banks and set a standard ashigh as RMB 5,000 for their monthly salary. Since below that they won’t acceptany job, many opportunities have been lost. Obviously, if they have realisticexpectation of how much they should earn in the beginning of their career, itwon’t be difficult for them to get a job。

  With the increasing college population, employment for graduateswill become more serious. Among many solutions, having a correct attitudetoward it is an extremely crucial one。

  推荐理由:

  1)该篇作文考察的是柱状图,从考频上来说,对这种类型的文章考察是相当多的,再考的机会也很大。

  2)文章主题也符合目前社会对大学生的具体要求,符合社会主流方向。

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