考试吧:2018年考研《英语一》真题及答案

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[重点词汇]professional 专业的 prosper繁荣 permanent theater永久性剧院

[参考译文]但是专业公司的永久性剧院却兴旺起来,于是高校一些有着文学抱负的人迅速抓住机遇,将其作为一个谋生手段。

(49) A native literary drama had been created, its alliance with the public playhouses established, and at least some of its great traditions had been begun。

[题目考点]伴随状语,并列结构,被动语态

[句子结构]本句是一个由and连接的并列句。and前的句子主干为一个被动语态的简单句:a … drama had been created, with引导一个伴随状语;and后的句子也为一个被动语态的简单句:some of its great traditions had been begun。

[重点词汇]alliance作为名词意为“联盟,联合;联姻”,常与介词with进行搭配使用。establish作为动词意为“建立,创办”,也可引申为“诞生”。at least为固定搭配,表示“至少”。tradition作为名词表示“传统,惯例”。

[参考译文]一种本土文学戏剧形式诞生了,它与公共剧院结成联盟,至少它的一些优良传统开始登上历史舞台了。

(50) To realize how great was the dramatic activity, we must remember further that hosts of plays have been lost, and that probably there is no author of note whose entire work has survived。

[题目考点]非谓语,宾语从句,定语从句

[句子结构]本句结构较为复杂,主句部分为“we must remember…”,主句之前的非谓语to realize作为目的状语,后接了一个how引导的宾语从句。主句中,两个that分别引导了两个remember的宾语从句,其中第二个宾语从句中,有一个whose引导的定语从句,修饰author of note。

[重点词汇]realize作为动词表示“实现,了解,认识到”。dramatic为drama的形容词形式,意思为“戏剧的,引人注目的,激动人心的”。survive作为动词表示“幸存,活下来;比…活得长”。hosts of表示“大量的”。

[参考译文]为了了解戏剧性活动有多么伟大,我们必须牢记大量的戏剧已经被遗忘了,并且有可能没有一位知名作家的所有作品都保留了下来。

Section IV Writing

51。[参考范文]

Dear professors,

I, on behalf of the Students’ Union, am writing this letter to invite all of you to attend the graduation ceremony。

The ceremony will be held in the Sports Hall of our university on this Friday morning, from 9 a.m。 to 11 a.m。 The details about the ceremony are as follows。 First and foremost, the president will make a speech for the graduates, blessing them to have a bright future。 In addition, several experts will be invited to issuing certificates to all the graduates。

It would be a great honor for us to have the accompany of all of you in the graduation ceremony。 Therefore, we all hope that you can spare your time to attend it and we are looking forward to your reply to tell us whether you can attend it or not on that day。

Your sincerely,

Li Ming

52。[参考范文]

Exhibited in the cartoon is a sarcastic scene that sitting before a computer, a college student is choosing his optional class, wondering and pondering whether he should choose an easier course or a tougher but creative course。 Simple as the picture is, the symbolic meaning it conveys is profound and thought-provoking。

It is beyond doubt that the painter aims to tell us that everyone, especially college students, should have the spirit of creation and innovation。 To put it another way, innovation is an essential and indispensable role for anyone who wants to succeed。 This can be directly attributed to the fact that one may be caught in dilemma, at least once in life。 Such a dilemma may coincidentally be most difficult period in his life。 Then there are two choices before him: making a creative choice or an easier one。 If he chooses the former and tries to break through the barrier, difficult as it will be, success will be the result one day。 However, although it seems to be much easier for him at the moment, the latter choice may kill off his dream and ambition, and such choice then will be a pity all his life。

As college student, definitely, we are facing or will face many difficulties。 At such moment, we should bear in mind that creation is a necessary and indispensable quality in our life, a positive attitude to life and an approach to success。 Keep the spirit of innovation, and we will win a better life。

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