2019考研英语作文热门主题词总结:经济贸易类

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摘要 :   考研英语阅读写作的出题大部分跟我们当下发生的事紧密相关,新东方在线特此整理了一些热门话题词汇短语,大家一起来掌握掌握:   一、经济贸易类  现在社会,什么都离不开经济,比如一直沸沸扬扬的中美贸易战,所有经济贸易一定是个很热门的话题。  1.改革产业结构 reform the structure of indust...

  考研英语阅读写作的出题大部分跟我们当下发生的事紧密相关,新东方在线特此整理了一些热门话题词汇短语,大家一起来掌握掌握:

 

  一、经济贸易类

  现在社会,什么都离不开经济,比如一直沸沸扬扬的“中美贸易战”,所有经济贸易一定是个很热门的话题。

  1.改革产业结构 reform the structure of industries

  2.亏损企业 loss-making enterprises

  3.搞活企业 enliven enterprises

  4.加快现代化步伐 quicken the modernization drive

  5.跨国公司 transnational corporation / multinational corporation

  6.乡镇企业 township enterprises

  7.国有企业 state-owned enterprises

  8.合资企业 joint ventures

  9.解放生产力 emancipate/ liberate productivity

  10.振兴国家经济 invigorate our state economy

  11.实行股份制 introduce the shareholding system

  12.全面深化改革 deepen reform all round

  13.提高经济效益 improve economic results

  14.增进效益 increase economic returns

  15.宏观经济调控 macro-economic control and management

  16.经济实力 economic strength

  17.经济转轨 economic transformation

  18.经营机制 operative mechanism

  19.整顿经济秩序 rectify economic order

  20.引进竞争机制 introduce a competitive mechanism

  21.建立技术密集型企业 set up technologically-intensive enterprises

  22.招商引资 canvass business and introduce investment

  23.房地产 real estate

  24.经济特区 special economic zone

  25.基础设施 infrastructure facilities

  26.豆腐渣工程 jerry-built projects

  27.投资热点 investment hot spot

  28.外向型经济 export-oriented economy

  29.按劳分配 distribute according to the work performance

  30.打破平均主义 break / abandon equalitarian

  31.沿海开放城市 open coastal cities

  32.保税区 bonded zone/ area

  33.金融改革 banking system

  34.国民生产总值 Gross National Product

  35.扶贫项目 anti-poverty project

  36.下海经商 plunge into the private business

  37.协调发展 coordinate the development

  38.住房改革 housing reform

  39.社会保障体系 social security system

  40.数字时代 digital times

  41.信息高速公路 the information superhighway

  42.虚拟社区 virtual communities

  43.“菜蓝子”工程 the “shopping-basket” project ( the non-staple food project)

  44.拳头产品 knock-out products/ competitive products

  45.市场萧条 slack market

  46.中国质量万里行 China’s Long March to Quality campaign

  47.冒牌产品 fake brand-name products

  48.假冒伪劣商品 fake and poor quality commodities

  49.谋取暴力 reap colossal profits

  50.提出索赔 lodge a claim

  51.投诉 lodge complaint

  52.贸易争端 trade disputes

  53.乱收费 random charges

  54.市场疲软 sluggish market

  55.贸易顺差 favorable trade balance

  56.贸易逆差 unfavorable trade balance

  57.实行优惠政策 launch a preferential policy

  58.繁荣市场 flourish the market

  59.加入世贸组织 accession to the WTO/ entry into the WTO

  60.最惠国待遇 Most-Favored-Nation treatment

  61.消费者协会 consumer’s association

  62.消费者购买力 consumer purchasing power

  63.新兴市场 emerging market

  64.抑制消费 control / inhibit consumption

  65.无形资产 intangible assets

  66.有形资产 tangible assets

  67.市场占有率 market share

  68.严重违约 grave breach of contract

  69.泡沫经济 bubble economy

  70.品牌效应 brand effect

  71.企业重组 reshuffle of enterprises

  72.贸易壁垒 trade barrier

  73.人才流失 brain drain

  74.清理“三角债” break up the debt chain

  75.企业文化 corporate culture

  76.商业炒作 commercial speculation

  77.扩大内需,刺激消费 expand domestic demand and consumption

  78.拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth

  79.连锁反应 chain reaction / domino effect

  80.竞争优势 competitive edge

  81.经济结构调整 economic restructuring

  82.经济增长点 economic growth point ; growth engine

  83.经济过热 overheated economy

  84.经济滑坡 economic downturn

  85.集约化经营 intensive management

  86.灰色收入 gray income

  87.福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system

  88.分期付款 installment payment

  89.从粗放经济转变为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy

  90.按揭购房 buy a house on a mortgage ; mortgage a house

  91.边际效益 marginal benefit

  92.不良贷款 non-performing loan

  93.裁减冗员 lay off redundant staff; cut down on overstaffing

  94.产品更新换代 upgrade of products

  95.创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park

  96.促进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy

  97.家庭联产承包责任制 household contract responsibility system

  98.人才战 competition for talented people

  99.脱贫致富 shake/cast off poverty and set out a road to prosperity

  100.资源优化配置 optimizing the allocation of resources

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