改写 句子 语气 虚拟 虚拟语气怎么改写句子 虚拟语气的三种时态
1 combine sentences using coodination and/or subordination
2 combine the sentence into one that contains a relative clause 连接下列句子使之变成一个关系从句
3 write a counter-factual conditional based on the given facts
4 using inversion
5 using extraposition
6 using whatever cohesive device as appropriate
7 turn the singular noun or noun phrase into plural forms wherever possible with other necessary change
8 use modal auxiliary / using a modal verb
9 use an infinitive phase
10 combine the sentences into one that contains a relative clause 将下列句子连接，使之包含一个关系从句
11 use "neither" as a part of the subject
12 using a genitive or a double genitive wherever possible
13 turning the following imperative into a tag question
14 using a relative pronoun
15 using an adjunct
16 using a nonfinite verb form
17 using fronting
18 replacing the adverbial clause in italics by a prepositional phase 将下列句子中斜体的状语从句变成介词短语
19 rewrite B's answer by a cohesive device
20 using the passive voice
21 using discontinuity
22 combining the two sentences by using subjunctive mood 使用虚拟语气连接下列两个句子
23 combining the two sentences by using a conjunct
24 improve the following sentences
25 turning the following imperative into exclamation
26 using cleaving for adjunct / for time adjunct
27 reinforcing the negation in the following sentences 加强下列句子的否定程度
1.If sb had done sth(坏事), sb would never have done sth(好事).如果某人过去做了某事(坏事)，那么他永远不可能做某事
If Hugh Miller, after toiling all day in quarry (采石场), had devoted his evenings to rest and recreation, he would never have become a famous geologist.
2.Sb would never have done sth(好事1) , never have done sth (好事2), if sb had done sth (坏事)
某人永远不可能做某事， 永远不可能做某事， 如果某人过去做了某件坏事The celebrated mathematician, Edmund Stone, would never have published a mathematical dictionary, never have found the key to science of mathematics, if he had given his spare moments to idleness.
3.Had sb done sth(坏事) ， sb would never have done sth (好事)
如果某人过去做了某件坏事，而不是去做某件好事，那么他永远不可能做某事(好事)Had the l(转载于: 在点 网:改写句子虚拟语气)ittle Scotch lad, Ferguson, allowed the busy brain to go to sleep while he tended sheep on the hillside, instead of calculating the position of the stars by a string of beads, he would never have become a famous astronomer.对以上几个虚拟语气的应用范文
Group discussion Google
If Google had ignored the importance of group discussion, this high-tech company would never have achieved today's stunning success.
(If sb had done sth, he would never have done sth)
Google, a once obscure, ailing / fragile company, would never have achieved today's stunning success, never have conquered so big a market share, if it had ignored the importance of group discussion.
(sb would never have done sth , never have done sth , if sb had done sth)Had Google , a once small , obscure company , ignored the importance of group discussion ，the hi-tech tycoon would never , never have harvested today's overwhelming success . (压倒性的成功)
If I were you, I should/would not watch TV.
If I did/had done my homework, I would go/have gone to the party.
If you hadn’t gone to the cinema, you would not have been late for class.
If you had studied harder, you would have passed the exam.
The plants in our garden__________better if it had not rained so much last year.
A.had grown B.would have grown C.were growing D.would grow
a.与现在相反：If I were you (=Were I you) , I would go with him.
b.与过去相反：If I had had time then (=Had I had time then), I would have gone with you.
c.与将来相反：If I were to visit/should visit/visited the Great Wall tomorrow, (=Were I to /Should I visit the Great Wall tomorrow), I would
take my son with me.
（误）Weren’t I here now, I would be in the bus.
（正）Were I not here now, I would be in the bus.
We would not live without water or air.
If he had followed my advice,he would be quite all rightnow.（从句述说过去，主句述说现在）
If China had not been liberated,the working people wouldstill be leading a miserable life.（ 从句表示与过去的事实相反，主句说明与现在的事实相反）
were my sister！她是我的妹妹就好了！
e) 用but或but for引导含蓄条件句（but后跟从句，but for后跟短语: 假如没有, 要不是）
But for your help,our experiment wouldn’t have been sosuccessful.
But for the storm,we should have arrived earlier.
We would have invited them to the dance,but they were too busy.
此句可改写为：If they had not been so busy,we would haveinvited them to the dance.
But that he is in hospital,He would go abroad for hissummer vacation.
该句可改写为：If he wereint in hospital,he would go abroadfor his summer vacatiom.
f) "If only ..."这是一种特殊句式结构
If only she were my sister! 如果她是我姐姐该多好啊!
(=How fine it would be if she were my sister!)
1. If only后常接一般过去时,表示对现在的一种难以实现的愿望。
如:1)If only I had that book! 我要是有那本书就好了。
=How fine it would be if only I had the book (but I haven't the book).
2)If only I were younger! 要是我年轻点儿就好了!
=How fine it would be if only I were younger! (but I am not younger)
3)If only my mother were here now! 要是我母亲现在在这儿就好了。
(but she isn't here now)
4)How fine it would be if only they could find a way to get to the room!他们要是能够找到一条通道进入那个房间该多好啊!
2. If only后常接过去完成时,表示过去没有实现的愿望。
如:1) If only you had worked with greater care! 你当时干活时要是再认真些就好了!
(but you didn't work with greater care)
2) If only we had arrived in time, we would not have missed the train! 要是我们及时赶到,就不
会误车了。(but we didn't arrive in time)
3. If only后常用过去将来时表示将来不大可能实现的愿望。
如:If only she would win!但愿她能赢!
If only it clears up, we'll go. 只要天一放晴,我们就去。
与此句型容易混淆的还有一种结构"only if...",only置于if前表示强调if条件,意为"只要……",用于引导陈述语气的真实条件句。 Only if you study hard, you will pass the test. 只要你努力学习,就会通过考试。
a).wish+宾语从句 与现在/将来事实相反 谓语动词--- be---were/ 动词---过去式
eg. I wish I were a bird flying freely in the sky.
I wish you passed the entrance exam.
I wish you hadn’t been absent yesterday.
b).表示请求，命令，建议的动词后(一坚持(insist),二命令(order,command),三建议(suggest,propose,advise),四要求(demand, require, request,ask)
We suggested that she (should) go to see a doctor.
eg.The smile on his face suggested that he succeeded in the task.
We insisted that he (should) go to see a doctor.
We insisted that old Li was an advanced worker in our company.
Jane's pale face suggested that sheill and her parents suggested that she ______ a medical examination.
A.be;should haveB.was;haveC.should be;hadD.was;has
It is important/necessary/strange+that+主+(should) do.
Eg. It is necessary that we (should) master a foreign language to find a good job.
a).方式从句 与现在/将来事实相反 谓语动词--- be---were/ 动词---过去式
She felt upset and sad as if/as though the whole world had turned against her.
b).让步从句 与现在/将来事实相反 谓语动词--- be---were/ 动词---过去式
Even if/Even though he apologized to me, I wouldn’t pardon him.
E).it is (high,about) time+从句的虚拟语气从句应该用虚拟语气，值得注意的是
Or 2.should + 动词原形，should 不能省〃常译为”是（正是）〃〃〃的时侯〃〃〃”
It is (high,about) time for+sth.
for sb to do.
that +clause(谓语动词--- be---were/ 动词用过去时或should+V)
eg.我们该回家了. It is time (that)we went/should go home.
1 He suggested that the meeting put off.
A. not be B. should not C. wouldn’t D. be not
2 What would have happened if you her child?
A. hadn’t helped B. couldn’t help C. wouldn’t help D. didn’t help
3 It is strange that he so.
A. thinks B. think C. thought D. will think
4 If I with her last summer, I with her now.
A. worked…am getting on very well B. had worked…would get on very well
C. had worked… would have got on very well D. had worked…will get on very well
5 I wish I my uncle yesterday.
A. met B. have met C. would meet D. had met
6 The old professor gave orders that the experiment before 6.
A. was finished B. will finishC. be finished D. shall be finished
7 It’s high time he home.
A. goes B. went C. will go D. is going to go
8 you succeed and you be healthy.
A. May…may B. Wish…wish C. Hope…hope D. Should…may
9 Galileo insisted that the earth round the sun.
A. should move B. move C. moves D.A or B
10 I was very busy yesterday, otherwise I to the meeting.
A. came B. would come C. had come D. would have come
11 Supposing the weather bad, where would they go?
A. will beB. is C. were D. be
12 your letter, I would have started off two days ago.
A. If I received B. Should I receive C. If I could have receivedD. Had I received
13 If only I to my parents’ advice!
A. listening B. listen C. am listening D. had listened
14 If it rain next week, the farmers could still have a good harvest.
A. should B. could C. would D. might
15 ---Why didn’t you come to the party yesterday?
---I , but an unexpected visitor came to see me.
A. did B. would C. had D. was going to
16 I’d rather you me the news.
A. not tell B. not to tell C. didn’t tell D. hadn’t told
17 I to stay there for one more week, but I changed my mind.
A. would have hoped B. was hoping C. had hoped D. hoped
18 His silence at the meeting suggested that he to your plan.
A. shouldn’t agree B. wouldn’t agree C. hadn’t agreed D. didn’t agree
19 He the job well, but he so careless.
A. hadn’t done, had been B. could have done, was
C. could do, was D. had done, had been
20 Li Ling acted that way as though he a foreigner.
A. were B. had been C. should be D. is
Keys: 1-5 AABBD 6-10 CBACD 11-15 CDDAD 16-20 CCDBA
1、Good-bye , Mr. Wang. I’m pleased _____ you.
A. to meet B .meeting C. to have been meeting D. to be metA
2、Encouragement through praise is the most effective method of getting people _____ their best.
A. doB. to do C. doing D. done B
1、The ability _____ is very important for any speaker.
A. to hear clearlyB. to be clearly heard
C. to hearing clearly D. to being clearly heardB。
2、Mr. and Mrs. Smith didn’t expect the house _____ so well.
A. to be decorated B. to decorateC. be decorated D. decorating A
1、It was very difficult _____ me to learn Spanish.
A. of B. to C. with D. for D
2、It is necessary _____ the papers immediately.
A. for you to hand in B. that you hand out C. your hand in D. for your hand inA
1、Judging from his manners at the party, he doesn’t seem _____ much education.
A. to receive B. to be receiving C. to have received D. to have been received C
2、The book is said _____ into several foreign languages up to now.
A. to translate B. to have translate C. to have been translated D. to be translated C
To master a foreign language is not an easy thing. 掌握一门外语不是一件容易的事。
在很多情况下，人们通常用it作为形式上的主语，而把不定式短语移到谓语之后，使句子显得平稳一些。如： It’s good manners to wait in line.排队等候是很有礼貌的。
It made us very angry to hear him speak to his mother like that.
I would like you to help me with my English exercises. 我想请你帮我做英语练习。
I never expected the shoes to be worn out so soon. 我从来没想到鞋子这么快就穿破了。
Who can help me (to) carry this heavy box?谁能帮我拎这个重箱子？
在make, let, have等使役动词和see, watch, notice, hear, feel等感官动词后的复合宾语中，动词不定式不带to。当使役动词和感官动词变为被动语态时，不定式就成了主语补语，作主语补语的不定式必须加to。
I often hear her sing in the next room.我经常听到她在隔壁唱歌。
They make the baby go to bed at 7:00 p.m. every day.他们每天让孩子晚上7：00上床睡觉。
Though he had often made his little sister cry, today he was made to cry by his little sister.尽管他经常弄哭他的小妹妹，但今天他却被他的小妹妹弄哭了。
He is often heard to sing the song.经常有人听到他唱这首歌。
get, leave等词也有“让”“叫”的意思，和使役动词意思相近，但它们后面的不定式作宾语补足语必须要有to。如： I’ll get him to try it again.我将让他再试一次。
How could you leave him to have supper with a stranger?
think, consider, believe, declare, suppose, find, imagine, know, understand, take, prove, feel等动词后面接的不定式短语作补语多由：to be+形容词或名词构成；
think, consider, find后的to be常可省略。如：
When he woke up, she found herself (to be ) badly injured.
I thought her (to be) nice and honest the first time I met her.
The young man was considered to have great promise. 这个年轻人被认为大有前途。
The situation was found to be quite encouraging.形势看来很使人鼓舞。
以be said, be reported, be known, seem, happen, prove, appear等构成谓语的句子中，动词不定式通常也可看作主语补语。如：
More than 20 people were reported to have been killed in the accident.据报道，有20多个人死于事故。
虚拟语气表示一种假设的情况，或一种主观的愿望，即动词所表示的动作或状态并非事实，或不可能实现。英语虚拟语气的形式有下列几种： 一. 虚拟语气用于条件状语从句
If had the time, John would make a trip to China to see the Great Wall. If I were you, I would give up drinking immediately. 2.与过去事实相反 If I’d known that it was going to rain, I would never have gone for a walk in the country. 3.与将来事实相反
If it were to/should rain tomorrow,the meeting would be put off.
If you went there next time, you would see what I mean.
If I were you, I would have gone home.
If you had followed the doctor's advice,you would be quite all right now.(从句说的是过去,主句指的是现在。)
If the weather had been more favorable ,the crops would be growing still better. 状语从句
1. 方式状语as if(as though)
He looks at me as if I were mad.
He spoke English so fluently as if he had studied English in England.
但as if(as though)后的从句也常用陈述语气,这是因为从句中的情况往往是可能发生的或可能被设想为真实的。例如:
It looks as if our side is going to win.
2. 目的状语in order that,so that 从句谓语动词用" may/might,can/could)+动词原形"。例如: She listened carefully in order that she might discover exactly what he wanted.
in case , unless ,supposing ,providing,on condition that从句谓语动词用(should)或" might, could)+动词原形"。
lest ,for fear that等
We hid behind some bushes for fear that passer-by should see us. 二.虚拟语气用于宾语从句
1.Suggest, advise 等动词之后宾语从句须用虚拟语气，其句子结构如下：
He suggested that they (should ) stop smoking.
They demanded that the black people should be treated as well as white people. 如果that 引导的从句所表达的内容是事实，也可用陈述语气。 He insists that he is right.
Mike insisted that he had never stolen anything. I insisted that you give me my money back.
注意：wish与hope接宾语从句的区别在于：hope表示一般可以实现的希望，宾语从句用陈述语气。wish表示很难或不大可能实现的希望,宾语从句用虚拟语气。试比较： （1） We hope they will come,(We don’t know if they can come.) （2） We wish they could come,(We know they are not coming.)
3..虚拟语气在would rather/would sooner/would just as soon后接从句: I'd rather you paid me now.(从句用过去时指现在) I would rather they came tomorrow.(从句用过去时指将来)
I'd rather she hadn't done that.(从句用过去完成时指过去)(此句中的would可看作是表愿望的实义动词)
It is necessary( appropriate crucial desirable dreadful essential important improper incredible indispensable insistent natural preferable possible probable proper right significant surprising strange tragic urgent vital wrong etc.)that we should clean the room every day.
It was a pity(a shame,no wonder,etc.)that you should be so careless. It will be desired(suggested,decided,ordered,
requested,proposed,etc.)that she should finish her homework this afternoon.
It is strange that he did not come yesterday. It is a pity that you can't swim.
n. 要求：demand requirement request motion pray insistence建议：suggestion advice proposal recommendation motion 命令、决定：order command decision determination resolution