改写句子虚拟语气

点赞(0) 反对(0) 本站小编 互联网 2017-07-11 13:59:18 阅读(0)

改写 句子 语气 虚拟 虚拟语气怎么改写句子 虚拟语气的三种时态

篇一:改写句子题目翻译

1 combine sentences using coodination and/or subordination

用连接词and或者or使下列句子变成并列句或主从句

2 combine the sentence into one that contains a relative clause 连接下列句子使之变成一个关系从句

3 write a counter-factual conditional based on the given facts

基于下列给出的事实,写出与事实相反的句子

4 using inversion

将句子倒置,即使用倒装句

5 using extraposition

将句子外移,即将句子末尾移出

6 using whatever cohesive device as appropriate

视情况而定,使用whatever连接

7 turn the singular noun or noun phrase into plural forms wherever possible with other necessary change

将句子中的名词或名词短语变成复数形式,必要时可以有其他改变

8 use modal auxiliary / using a modal verb

使用情态动词改写句子

9 use an infinitive phase

使用不定式改写句子

10 combine the sentences into one that contains a relative clause 将下列句子连接,使之包含一个关系从句

11 use "neither" as a part of the subject

使用neither作为主语一部分(即要求主语包含neither)

12 using a genitive or a double genitive wherever possible

在必要的地方使用所有格或双重所有格

13 turning the following imperative into a tag question

将下列含有祈使语气的句子变成反意疑问句

14 using a relative pronoun

使用关系代词

15 using an adjunct

使用修饰语

16 using a nonfinite verb form

使用非限定性动词形式

17 using fronting

使用前置

18 replacing the adverbial clause in italics by a prepositional phase 将下列句子中斜体的状语从句变成介词短语

19 rewrite B's answer by a cohesive device

使用选词联句法,将B部分中的词练成句子并重写一遍

20 using the passive voice

使用被动语态

21 using discontinuity

使用中断(不连续)

22 combining the two sentences by using subjunctive mood 使用虚拟语气连接下列两个句子

23 combining the two sentences by using a conjunct

用一个连词将下列两个句子连接成一个

24 improve the following sentences

将下列句子改写得更好

25 turning the following imperative into exclamation

将下列祈使句变成感叹句

26 using cleaving for adjunct / for time adjunct

使用修饰语或时间修饰语

27 reinforcing the negation in the following sentences 加强下列句子的否定程度

篇二:雅思写作之虚拟语气句型

雅思写作之虚拟语气句型

在雅思写作中会经常用到的几个雅思写作虚拟语气句型。

1.If sb had done sth(坏事), sb would never have done sth(好事).如果某人过去做了某事(坏事),那么他永远不可能做某事

If Hugh Miller, after toiling all day in quarry (采石场), had devoted his evenings to rest and recreation, he would never have become a famous geologist.

2.Sb would never have done sth(好事1) , never have done sth (好事2), if sb had done sth (坏事)

某人永远不可能做某事, 永远不可能做某事, 如果某人过去做了某件坏事The celebrated mathematician, Edmund Stone, would never have published a mathematical dictionary, never have found the key to science of mathematics, if he had given his spare moments to idleness.

3.Had sb done sth(坏事) , sb would never have done sth (好事)

如果某人过去做了某件坏事,而不是去做某件好事,那么他永远不可能做某事(好事)Had the l(转载于: 在点 网:改写句子虚拟语气)ittle Scotch lad, Ferguson, allowed the busy brain to go to sleep while he tended sheep on the hillside, instead of calculating the position of the stars by a string of beads, he would never have become a famous astronomer.对以上几个虚拟语气的应用范文

Group discussion Google

If Google had ignored the importance of group discussion, this high-tech company would never have achieved today's stunning success.

(If sb had done sth, he would never have done sth)

Google, a once obscure, ailing / fragile company, would never have achieved today's stunning success, never have conquered so big a market share, if it had ignored the importance of group discussion.

(sb would never have done sth , never have done sth , if sb had done sth)Had Google , a once small , obscure company , ignored the importance of group discussion ,the hi-tech tycoon would never , never have harvested today's overwhelming success . (压倒性的成功)

以上就是为大家整理的雅思写作中虚拟语气的运用技巧,考生们可以根据以上给出件建议,并通过针对性的练习来逐步掌握雅思写作技巧,从而在雅思作文考试中取得更好的成绩。 编辑推荐:

雅思写作:探讨易写偏的考题及如何正确审题

雅思写作应对招数之加深认知关注焦点

雅思写作考试中式英语之鉴

篇三:虚拟语气 与事实相反,要用虚拟语气

虚拟语气与事实相反,要用虚拟语气

虚拟语气表示说话人的愿望、假设、猜测或建议,而不表示客观存在的事实。虚拟语气通过谓语动词的特殊形式来表示,对虚拟语气在各种句式中的用法介绍如下:

A).条件从句的虚拟语气

Eg. 如果我是你,我就不看电视了.

If I were you, I should/would not watch TV.

如果我做完家庭作业,我就去参加晚会.

If I did/had done my homework, I would go/have gone to the party.

如果你昨天晚上不看电视,就不会迟到了.

If you hadn’t gone to the cinema, you would not have been late for class.

如果你努力地学习的话,你就会考试及格了。

If you had studied harder, you would have passed the exam.

The plants in our garden__________better if it had not rained so much last year.

A.had grown B.would have grown C.were growing D.would grow

Note:

a).条件从句中if 的省略,要倒装

如果条件从句的谓语动词包含有were或助动词、情态动词had,should,could,有时可将连词if省去,而将 条件从句的主语置于were,had,should,could之后。这种用法主要用于书面语,如:

a.与现在相反:If I were you (=Were I you) , I would go with him.

b.与过去相反:If I had had time then (=Had I had time then), I would have gone with you.

c.与将来相反:If I were to visit/should visit/visited the Great Wall tomorrow, (=Were I to /Should I visit the Great Wall tomorrow), I would

take my son with me.

注意:在否定句中not不可提至主语前,如:

(误)Weren’t I here now, I would be in the bus.

(正)Were I not here now, I would be in the bus.

b).without 可以代替条件从句

Eg.没有水和空气,我们就不能生存。

We would not live without water or air.

c) 混合虚拟条件句

如果条件从句的动作和主句的动作不是同时发生,主句和从句的谓语动词的形式应分别根据各自所表示的 时间加以调整。这种句子叫做混合虚拟条件句。如:

If he had followed my advice,he would be quite all rightnow.(从句述说过去,主句述说现在)

If China had not been liberated,the working people wouldstill be leading a miserable life.( 从句表示与过去的事实相反,主句说明与现在的事实相反)

d) 省略主句,只保留if(only)的条件句

虚拟条件句中的表示结果的主句有时形式上可以省略,但意义仍然存在。这

种句子只保留一个if(only)条 件从句,表达说话人的强烈愿望。如:If(only)she

were my sister!她是我的妹妹就好了!

e) 用but或but for引导含蓄条件句(but后跟从句,but for后跟短语: 假如没有, 要不是)

But for your help,our experiment wouldn’t have been sosuccessful.

假如没有你们的帮助,我们的实验是不会如此成功的。

But for the storm,we should have arrived earlier.

要不是碰到暴雨我们会到得早一些。

We would have invited them to the dance,but they were too busy.

要不是他们太忙,我们会邀请他们来参加舞会的。

此句可改写为:If they had not been so busy,we would haveinvited them to the dance.

But that he is in hospital,He would go abroad for hissummer vacation.

要不是生病住院,他就出国度暑假了。

该句可改写为:If he wereint in hospital,he would go abroadfor his summer vacatiom.

f) "If only ..."这是一种特殊句式结构

一、"If only..."用于感叹句中,是一个保留条件句,省略了主句的形式。用来表示某人对某事的一种强烈愿望或未实现的条件,其意为"但愿……;真希望……;要是……就好了"。常用于虚拟语气的谓语动词形式。

If only she were my sister! 如果她是我姐姐该多好啊!

(=How fine it would be if she were my sister!)

"If only..."引导的从句谓语动词形式分以下几种:

1. If only后常接一般过去时,表示对现在的一种难以实现的愿望。

如:1)If only I had that book! 我要是有那本书就好了。

=How fine it would be if only I had the book (but I haven't the book).

2)If only I were younger! 要是我年轻点儿就好了!

=How fine it would be if only I were younger! (but I am not younger)

3)If only my mother were here now! 要是我母亲现在在这儿就好了。

(but she isn't here now)

4)How fine it would be if only they could find a way to get to the room!他们要是能够找到一条通道进入那个房间该多好啊!

2. If only后常接过去完成时,表示过去没有实现的愿望。

如:1) If only you had worked with greater care! 你当时干活时要是再认真些就好了!

(but you didn't work with greater care)

2) If only we had arrived in time, we would not have missed the train! 要是我们及时赶到,就不

会误车了。(but we didn't arrive in time)

3. If only后常用过去将来时表示将来不大可能实现的愿望。

如:If only she would win!但愿她能赢!

二、If only有时也可引导陈述语气的真实条件句,意思为"只要??"。

If only it clears up, we'll go. 只要天一放晴,我们就去。

与此句型容易混淆的还有一种结构"only if...",only置于if前表示强调if条件,意为"只要……",用于引导陈述语气的真实条件句。 Only if you study hard, you will pass the test. 只要你努力学习,就会通过考试。

B).宾语从句的虚拟语气

a).wish+宾语从句 与现在/将来事实相反 谓语动词--- be---were/ 动词---过去式

与过去事实相反过去完成式

eg. I wish I were a bird flying freely in the sky.

I wish you passed the entrance exam.

I wish you hadn’t been absent yesterday.

b).表示请求,命令,建议的动词后(一坚持(insist),二命令(order,command),三建议(suggest,propose,advise),四要求(demand, require, request,ask)

谓语动词---(should)+do

eg.我们建议她去看医生。

We suggested that she (should) go to see a doctor.

例外情况:suggestion,insist后从句中不用虚拟语气的问题〃

suggest作为“表明,暗示”时,不用虚拟语气

insist作为“坚持认为”时,不用虚拟语气

eg.The smile on his face suggested that he succeeded in the task.

我们坚持他应该去看医生。(坚持要sb做)

We insisted that he (should) go to see a doctor.

We insisted that old Li was an advanced worker in our company.

Jane's pale face suggested that sheill and her parents suggested that she ______ a medical examination.

A.be;should haveB.was;haveC.should be;hadD.was;has

C).主语从句的虚拟语气

It is important/necessary/strange+that+主+(should) do.

Eg. It is necessary that we (should) master a foreign language to find a good job.

D).状语从句的虚拟语气

a).方式从句 与现在/将来事实相反 谓语动词--- be---were/ 动词---过去式

与过去事实相反 谓语动词---过去完成式

eg.她很悲伤仿佛整个世界都背叛了她。

She felt upset and sad as if/as though the whole world had turned against her.

b).让步从句 与现在/将来事实相反 谓语动词--- be---were/ 动词---过去式

与过去事实相反谓语动词--- 过去完成式

eg.即使他向我道歉,我也不会原谅他。

Even if/Even though he apologized to me, I wouldn’t pardon him.

E).it is (high,about) time+从句的虚拟语气从句应该用虚拟语气,值得注意的是

1.用过去时态表示虚拟〃

Or 2.should + 动词原形,should 不能省〃常译为”是(正是)〃〃〃的时侯〃〃〃”

It is (high,about) time for+sth.

for sb to do.

that +clause(谓语动词--- be---were/ 动词用过去时或should+V)

eg.我们该回家了. It is time (that)we went/should go home.

1 He suggested that the meeting put off.

A. not be B. should not C. wouldn’t D. be not

2 What would have happened if you her child?

A. hadn’t helped B. couldn’t help C. wouldn’t help D. didn’t help

3 It is strange that he so.

A. thinks B. think C. thought D. will think

4 If I with her last summer, I with her now.

A. worked…am getting on very well B. had worked…would get on very well

C. had worked… would have got on very well D. had worked…will get on very well

5 I wish I my uncle yesterday.

A. met B. have met C. would meet D. had met

6 The old professor gave orders that the experiment before 6.

A. was finished B. will finishC. be finished D. shall be finished

7 It’s high time he home.

A. goes B. went C. will go D. is going to go

8 you succeed and you be healthy.

A. May…may B. Wish…wish C. Hope…hope D. Should…may

9 Galileo insisted that the earth round the sun.

A. should move B. move C. moves D.A or B

10 I was very busy yesterday, otherwise I to the meeting.

A. came B. would come C. had come D. would have come

11 Supposing the weather bad, where would they go?

A. will beB. is C. were D. be

12 your letter, I would have started off two days ago.

A. If I received B. Should I receive C. If I could have receivedD. Had I received

13 If only I to my parents’ advice!

A. listening B. listen C. am listening D. had listened

14 If it rain next week, the farmers could still have a good harvest.

A. should B. could C. would D. might

15 ---Why didn’t you come to the party yesterday?

---I , but an unexpected visitor came to see me.

A. did B. would C. had D. was going to

16 I’d rather you me the news.

A. not tell B. not to tell C. didn’t tell D. hadn’t told

17 I to stay there for one more week, but I changed my mind.

A. would have hoped B. was hoping C. had hoped D. hoped

18 His silence at the meeting suggested that he to your plan.

A. shouldn’t agree B. wouldn’t agree C. hadn’t agreed D. didn’t agree

19 He the job well, but he so careless.

A. hadn’t done, had been B. could have done, was

C. could do, was D. had done, had been

20 Li Ling acted that way as though he a foreigner.

A. were B. had been C. should be D. is

Keys: 1-5 AABBD 6-10 CBACD 11-15 CDDAD 16-20 CCDBA

一. 非谓语动词

1. 非谓语动词的种类

A. 不定式p.127

可以充当: 主语、表语、定语、宾语、状语、补足语。

动词不定式由不定式符号to加动词原形构成。

1、Good-bye , Mr. Wang. I’m pleased _____ you.

A. to meet B .meeting C. to have been meeting D. to be metA

2、Encouragement through praise is the most effective method of getting people _____ their best.

A. doB. to do C. doing D. done B

动词不定式的被动式

当不定式的逻辑主语是不定式所表示的对象时(或动作的承受者时),不定式一般要用被动式。

1、The ability _____ is very important for any speaker.

A. to hear clearlyB. to be clearly heard

C. to hearing clearly D. to being clearly heardB。

2、Mr. and Mrs. Smith didn’t expect the house _____ so well.

A. to be decorated B. to decorateC. be decorated D. decorating A

动词不定式的复合结构

如需指出不定式动作的发出者时(即逻辑主语时)要在不定式前用for加名词(或代词)表示。

1、It was very difficult _____ me to learn Spanish.

A. of B. to C. with D. for D

2、It is necessary _____ the papers immediately.

A. for you to hand in B. that you hand out C. your hand in D. for your hand inA

动词不定式的完成式

表示不定式的动作发生在句子谓语所表示的动作之前。

1、Judging from his manners at the party, he doesn’t seem _____ much education.

A. to receive B. to be receiving C. to have received D. to have been received C

2、The book is said _____ into several foreign languages up to now.

A. to translate B. to have translate C. to have been translated D. to be translated C

b.不定式做主语时,谓语动词用单数.

To master a foreign language is not an easy thing. 掌握一门外语不是一件容易的事。

在很多情况下,人们通常用it作为形式上的主语,而把不定式短语移到谓语之后,使句子显得平稳一些。如: It’s good manners to wait in line.排队等候是很有礼貌的。

It made us very angry to hear him speak to his mother like that.

听到他那样跟他妈妈说话我们很生气。

c.不定式做宾补的注意事项:

不定式可以和名词或代词一起构成复合结构作动词的宾语,这时不定式被称为宾语补足语。如:

I would like you to help me with my English exercises. 我想请你帮我做英语练习。

I never expected the shoes to be worn out so soon. 我从来没想到鞋子这么快就穿破了。

动词help后面接不定式作宾语或宾语补足语可以带to也可以不带to。如:

Who can help me (to) carry this heavy box?谁能帮我拎这个重箱子?

在make, let, have等使役动词和see, watch, notice, hear, feel等感官动词后的复合宾语中,动词不定式不带to。当使役动词和感官动词变为被动语态时,不定式就成了主语补语,作主语补语的不定式必须加to。

I often hear her sing in the next room.我经常听到她在隔壁唱歌。

They make the baby go to bed at 7:00 p.m. every day.他们每天让孩子晚上7:00上床睡觉。

Though he had often made his little sister cry, today he was made to cry by his little sister.尽管他经常弄哭他的小妹妹,但今天他却被他的小妹妹弄哭了。

He is often heard to sing the song.经常有人听到他唱这首歌。

get, leave等词也有“让”“叫”的意思,和使役动词意思相近,但它们后面的不定式作宾语补足语必须要有to。如: I’ll get him to try it again.我将让他再试一次。

How could you leave him to have supper with a stranger?

你怎么让他跟一个陌生人一起吃晚饭?

think, consider, believe, declare, suppose, find, imagine, know, understand, take, prove, feel等动词后面接的不定式短语作补语多由:to be+形容词或名词构成;

think, consider, find后的to be常可省略。如:

When he woke up, she found herself (to be ) badly injured.

她醒来的时候,发现自己受了重伤。

I thought her (to be) nice and honest the first time I met her.

我第一次见到她的时候就认为她人很好,很诚实。

含有此类复合宾语的句子变成被动语态时,不定式同样被称之为主语补足语。如:

The young man was considered to have great promise. 这个年轻人被认为大有前途。

The situation was found to be quite encouraging.形势看来很使人鼓舞。

以be said, be reported, be known, seem, happen, prove, appear等构成谓语的句子中,动词不定式通常也可看作主语补语。如:

More than 20 people were reported to have been killed in the accident.据报道,有20多个人死于事故。

篇四:虚拟语气的用法及专项练习题 修改稿1

虚拟语气的用法及专项练习题

虚拟语气表示一种假设的情况,或一种主观的愿望,即动词所表示的动作或状态并非事实,或不可能实现。英语虚拟语气的形式有下列几种: 一. 虚拟语气用于条件状语从句

注意:主句中的should通常用于第一人称,would可用于任何人称,同时也可根据意思用情态动词could,might等代替should,would。 1.与现在事实相反

If had the time, John would make a trip to China to see the Great Wall. If I were you, I would give up drinking immediately. 2.与过去事实相反 If I’d known that it was going to rain, I would never have gone for a walk in the country. 3.与将来事实相反

If it were to/should rain tomorrow,the meeting would be put off.

If you went there next time, you would see what I mean.

4.错综时间虚拟语气

当条件状语从句表示的行为和主句表示的行为所发生的时间不一致时,动词的形式要根据它所表示的时间来调整。例如:

If I were you, I would have gone home.

If you had followed the doctor's advice,you would be quite all right now.(从句说的是过去,主句指的是现在。)

If the weather had been more favorable ,the crops would be growing still better. 状语从句

1. 方式状语as if(as though)

如果从句表示与现在事实相反,谓语动词用一般过去时;表示与过去事实相反,谓语动词用"had+过去分词";表示与将来事实相反,谓语动词用"would(might,could)+动词原形"。例如:

He looks at me as if I were mad.

He spoke English so fluently as if he had studied English in England.

但as if(as though)后的从句也常用陈述语气,这是因为从句中的情况往往是可能发生的或可能被设想为真实的。例如:

It looks as if our side is going to win.

2. 目的状语in order that,so that 从句谓语动词用" may/might,can/could)+动词原形"。例如: She listened carefully in order that she might discover exactly what he wanted.

3. 连词引导的条件状语从句:

in case , unless ,supposing ,providing,on condition that从句谓语动词用(should)或" might, could)+动词原形"。

4. 连词引导的步状语从句:

lest ,for fear that等

We hid behind some bushes for fear that passer-by should see us. 二.虚拟语气用于宾语从句

1.Suggest, advise 等动词之后宾语从句须用虚拟语气,其句子结构如下:

注意:在此结构中that不可省略;should省不省均可。

He suggested that they (should ) stop smoking.

They demanded that the black people should be treated as well as white people. 如果that 引导的从句所表达的内容是事实,也可用陈述语气。 He insists that he is right.

注意:insist作"力言"、"强调"解时,宾语从句不用虚拟语气。只有当insist作"坚持(应该)"解时,宾语从句才用虚拟语气。例如:

Mike insisted that he had never stolen anything. I insisted that you give me my money back.

2."wish+宾语从句"表示不能实现的愿望,汉语可译为"可惜……"、"……就好了"、"悔不该……"、"但愿……"等。表示现在不能实现的愿望,从句的谓语动词用过去式;表示将来不能实现的愿望,用"would(could)+动词原形";表示过去不能实现的愿望,用"had+过去分词"或"(could)would+have+过去分词"。例如: wish的用法

注意:wish与hope接宾语从句的区别在于:hope表示一般可以实现的希望,宾语从句用陈述语气。wish表示很难或不大可能实现的希望,宾语从句用虚拟语气。试比较: (1) We hope they will come,(We don’t know if they can come.) (2) We wish they could come,(We know they are not coming.)

3..虚拟语气在would rather/would sooner/would just as soon后接从句: I'd rather you paid me now.(从句用过去时指现在) I would rather they came tomorrow.(从句用过去时指将来)

I'd rather she hadn't done that.(从句用过去完成时指过去)(此句中的would可看作是表愿望的实义动词)

三.虚拟语气用于主语从句

在主语从句中,谓语动词的虚拟语气结构用"should+动词原形"的结构,表示惊奇、不相信、惋惜、理应如此等。例如:

It is necessary( appropriate crucial desirable dreadful essential important improper incredible indispensable insistent natural preferable possible probable proper right significant surprising strange tragic urgent vital wrong etc.)that we should clean the room every day.

It was a pity(a shame,no wonder,etc.)that you should be so careless. It will be desired(suggested,decided,ordered,

requested,proposed,etc.)that she should finish her homework this afternoon.

a 在上述三种主语从句中,should意为"应该"、"竟然",可以省去,但不可换用would。主句所用动词的时态不限。

注意:这种从句表示的是事实。如果说话人对这种事实表示惊奇,就可用虚拟语气。反之,如果不表示惊奇,that从句也可用陈述语气。例如:

It is strange that he did not come yesterday. It is a pity that you can't swim.

四.虚拟语气用于表语从句、同位语从句

n. 要求:demand requirement request motion pray insistence建议:suggestion advice proposal recommendation motion 命令、决定:order command decision determination resolution


发表评论 已经有0条评论 查看全部评论

相关信息