万题库:2018年考研《英语一》真题及答案

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Now comes word that everyone involved---Democrats, Republicans, the Postal Service, the unions and the system's heaviest users—has finally agreed on a plan to fix the system. Legislation is moving through the House that would save USPS an estimated $28.6 billion over five years, which could help pay for new vehicles, among other survival measures. Most of the money would come from a penny-per-letter permanent rate increase and from shifting postal retirees into Medicare. The latter step would largely offset the financial burden of annually pre-funding retiree health care, thus addressing a long-standing complaint by the USPS and its union.

If it clears the House, this measure would still have to get through the Senate – where someone is bound to point out that it amounts to the bare, bare minimum necessary to keep the Postal Service afloat, not comprehensive reform. There’s no change to collective bargaining at the USPS, a major omission considering that personnel accounts for 80 percent of the agency’s costs. Also missing is any discussion of eliminating Saturday letter delivery. That common-sense change enjoys wide public support and would save the USPS $2 billion per year. But postal special-interest groups seem to have killed it, at least in the House. The emerging consensus around the bill is a sign that legislators are getting frightened about a politically embarrassing short-term collapse at the USPS. It is not, however, a sign that they’re getting serious about transforming the postal system for the 21st century.

36. 【题干】The financial problem with the USPS is caused partly by_____.

【选项】

A.its unbalanced budget.

B.its rigid management.

C.the cost for technical upgrading.

D.the withdrawal of bank support.

【答案】B





37. 【题干】According to Paragraph 2, the USPS fails to modernize itself due to_____.

【选项】

A.the interference from interest groups.

B.the inadequate funding from Congress.

C.the shrinking demand for postal service.

D.the incompetence of postal unions.

【答案】A





38. 【题干】The long-standing complaint by the USPS and its unions can be addressed by_____.

【选项】

A.removing its burden of retiree health care.

B.making more investment in new vehicles.

C.adopting a new rate-increase mechanism.

D.attracting more first-class mail users.

【答案】A





39. 【题干】In the last paragraph, the author seems to view legislators with_____.

【选项】

A.respect.

B.tolerance.

C.discontent.

D.gratitude.

【答案】C





40. 【题干】Which of the following would be the best title for the text?

【选项】

A.The USPS Starts to Miss Its Good Old Days

B.The Postal Service: Keep Away from My Cheese

C.The USPS: Chronic Illness Requires a Quick Cure

D.The Postal Service Needs More than a Band-Aid

【答案】D




Part B

Directions:

The following paragraphs are given in a wrong order. For Questions 41-45, you are required to reorganize these paragraphs into a coherent article by choosing from the list A-G and filling them into the numbered boxes. Paragraphs C and F have been correctly placed. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

A. In December of 1869, Congress appointed a commission to select a site and prepare plans and cost estimates for a new State Department Building. The commission was also to consider possible arrangements for the War and Navy Departments. To the horror of some who expected a Greek Revival twin of the Treasury Building to be erected on the other side of the White House, the elaborate French Second Empire style design by Alfred Mullett was selected, and construction of a building to house all three departments began in June of 1871.

B. Completed in 1875, the State Department's south wing was the first to be occupied, with its elegant four-story library (completed in 1876), Diplomatic Reception Room, and Secretary's office decorated with carved wood, Oriental rugs, and stenciled wall patterns. The Navy Department moved into the east wing in 1879, where elaborate wall and ceiling stenciling and marquetry floors decorated the office of the Secretary.

C. The State, War, and Navy Building, as it was originally known, housed the three Executive Branch Departments most intimately associated with formulating and conducting the nation's foreign policy in the last quarter of the nineteenth century and the first quarter of the twentieth century-the period when the United States emerged as an international power. The building has housed some of the nation's most significant diplomats and politicians and has been the scene of many historic events.

D. Many of the most celebrated national figures have participated in historical events that have taken place within the EEOB's granite walls. Theodore and Franklin D. Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Lyndon B. Johnson, Gerald Ford, and George H. W. Bush all had offices in this building before becoming president. It has housed 16 Secretaries of the Navy, 21 Secretaries of War, and 24 Secretaries of State. Winston Churchill once walked its corridors and Japanese emissaries met here with Secretary of State Cordell Hull after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

E. The Eisenhower Executive Office Building (EEOB) commands a unique position in both the national history and the architectural heritage of the United States. Designed by Supervising Architect of the Treasury, Alfred B. Mullett, it was built from 1871 to 1888 to house the growing staffs of the State, War, and Navy Departments, and is considered one of the best examples of French Second Empire architecture in the country.

F. Construction took 17 years as the building slowly rose wing by wing. When the EEOB was finished, it was the largest office building in Washington, with nearly 2 miles of black and white tiled corridors. Almost all of the interior detail is of cast iron or plaster; the use of wood was minimized to insure fire safety. Eight monumental curving staircases of granite with over 4,000 individually cast bronze balusters are capped by four skylight domes and two stained glass rotundas.

G. The history of the EEOB began long before its foundations were laid. The first executive offices were constructed between 1799 and 1820. A series of fires (including those set by the British in 1814) and overcrowded conditions led to the construction of the existing Treasury Building. In 1866, the construction of the North Wing of the Treasury Building necessitated the demolition of the State Department building.

41.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

E.E

F.F

G.G

【答案】E





42.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

E.E

F.F

G.G

【答案】G





43.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

E.E

F.F

G.G

【答案】A





44【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

E.E

F.F

G.G

【答案】B





45.【题干】_____.

【选项】

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

E.E

F.F

G.G

【答案】D




Part C Translation

Directions:

Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Your translation should be written neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

46) By the date of his birth Europe was witnessing the passing of the religious drama, and the creation of new forms under the incentive of classical tragedy and comedy.

【解析】本句主干为Europe was witnessing the passing and the creation。句首by the date of his birth,考查代词指代,回上文可知为:莎士比亚。under the incentive of classical tragedy and comedy为定语,修饰the creation。

【参考译文】莎士比亚出生之时,宗教戏剧在欧洲正逐渐消亡,而在经典悲剧和戏剧的激发下,这里正在形成各种新的戏剧形式。

47) no boy who went to a grammar school could be ignorant that the drama was a form of literature which gave glory to Greece and Rome and might yet bring honor to England.

【解析】本句的主干为:no boy could be ignorant that...,意思为:没有人会不了解...,可以翻译成:人都了解...。who went to a grammar school为定语从句,修饰no boy,可以前置翻译为:去文法学校的人都了解....。之后为that引导的宾语从句,宾语从句的主干为the drama was a form of literature,之后为which引导的定语从句,修饰a form of literature,定语从句中might yet do意思为:迟早会...,定语从句可采用后置的翻译方法:它已经给希腊和罗马带来了荣耀,也可能会给英国带来荣耀。
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