实用资料:考研英语词汇常考前缀(二)

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 kilo-:thousand

  gram——kilogram

  meter——kilometer

  macro-:large,esp.concerning a whole system rather than particular parts of

  economics——macroeconomics

  structure——macrostructure

  mal-:bad or badly

  function——malfunction

  treat——maltreat

  micro-:extremely small

  computer——microcomputer

  electronics——microelectronics

  mid-:middle

  day——midday

  night——midnight

  mini-:small;short

  bus——minibus

  skirt——miniskirt

  mis-:bad or badly;wrong or wrongly

  fortune——misfortune

  understand——misunderstand

  mono-:one;single

  plane——monoplane

  tone——monotone

  multi-:more than one;many

  purpose——multipurpose

  national——multinational

  non-:not

  resident——non(-)resident

  sense——nonsense

  out-:outside;beyond

  live——outlive

  door——outdoor

  over-:too much;above;additional

  head——overhead

  time——overtime

  poly-:many

  centric——polycentric

  syllabic——polysyllabic

  post-:later than;after

  graduate——postgraduate

  war——postwar

  pre-:before;in advance

  pay——prepay

  war——prewar

  pro-:in favor of,supporting

  America——pro-America

  abortion——pro-abortion

  re-:again;back to the former state

  unite——reunite

  use——reuse

  self-:by means of oneself or itself;of,to,with,for,or in

  oneself or itself

  employed——self-employed

  taught——self-taught

  semi-:half;partly

  circle——semicircle

  final——semifinal

  step-:not by birth but through a parent who has remarried

  mother——stepmother

  children——stepchildren

  sub-:under,below;less important;part of the stated bigger whole

  divide——subdivide

  section——subsection

  super-:more,larger,greater than usual

  market——supermarket

  natural——supernatural

  tele-:at or over a long distance;by or for television

  communication——telecommunication

  screen——telescreen

  therm(o)-:concerning heat

  chemistry——thermochemistry

  meter——thermometer

  trans-: across,on or to the other side of ; between

  Atlantic—transatlantic

  plant—transplant

  tri-: three; three times

  angular—triangular

  cycle—tricycle

  ultra-: beyond; very,extremely

  modern—ultramodern

  sound—ultrasound

  un-: not

  certain—uncertain

  fortunate—unfortunate

  under-: too little; below

  develop—underdevelop

  sea—undersea

  uni-: one,singer

  form—uniform

  directional—unidirectional

  vice-: next in the rank; below

  chairman—vice-chairman

  president—vice-president

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