实用资料:考研英语词汇常考前缀(一)

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aero-:concerning the air of aircraft

  plane—aeroplane

  space—aerospace

  anti-:against;opposite of

  nuclear—antinuclear

  matter—antimatter

  war—antiwar

  auto-:of or by oneself

  biography—autobiography

  criticism—autocriticism

  be-:to treat as the stated thing

  friend—befriend

  little—belittle

  bi-:two;twice;double

  lingual—bilingual

  cycle—bicycle

  bio-:concerning living things

  chemistry—biochemistry

  sphere—biosphere

  by-,bye-:less important

  produce—by-produce

  way—byway

  centi-:hundredth part

  grade—centigrade

  meter—centimeter

  co-:together,with

  author—coauthor

  exist—coexist

  col-:(used before l ) together,with

  location—collocation

  com-:(used before b,m,p ) together,with

  passion—compassion

  con-:together,with

  centric—concentric

  federation—confederation

  contra-:opposite

  diction—contradiction

  natural—contranatural

  cor-:(used before r ) together,with

  relate—correlate

  respond—correspond

  counter-:opposite

  act—counteract

  attack—counterattack

  cross-:across;going between the stated things and joining them

  country—crosscountry

  breed—crossbreed

  de-:showing an opposite;to remove;to reduce

  code—decode

  value—devalue

  dis-:not;the opposite of

  advantage—disadvantage

  agree—disagree

  honest—dishonest

  em-:( used before b,m,p ) to cause to become

  body—embody

  power—empower

  en-:to cause to become;to make

  danger—endanger

  large—enlarge

  ex-:former ( and still living )

  minister—ex-minister

  wife—ex-wife

  extra-:outside;beyond

  curricular—extracurricular

  ordinary—extraordinary

  fore-:in advance,before;in or at the front

  arm—forearm

  warn—forewarn

  il-:( used before l ) not

  legal—illegal

  literate—illiterate

  im-:( used before b,m,p ) not

  moral—immoral

  possible—impossible

  in-:not

  direct—indirect

  sensitive—insensitive

  infra-:below in a range;beyond

  red—infrared

  structure——infrastructure

  inter-:between;among

  change——interchange

  national——international

  intra-:inside,within;into

  city——intracity

  department——intra-department

  ir-:(used before r)not

  regular——irregular

  responsible——irresponsible

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